After finishing this lecture you will be able:

  1. Know the five soil forming factors, and understand how they influence on soil properties
  2. Learn about the types and textures of soil within a soil profile.
  3. Determine soil physical, chemical, and biological properties.
  4. Discuss the effects of soil pH on cation-exchange capacity and availability of nutrients.
  5. Discuss and understand the importance of essential plant nutrients
  6. List the available sources of macro and micro-nutrients.
  7. Study the characteristics of heavy metal contaminated soils and remediation

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  1. Environmental Chemistry By A.K. Dey
  2. Online Open Sources